Entries by Jerome Fryer

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Extruded disc herniations are experienced earlier by inactive young people in the high-tech gaming era.

Goal of the article? The goal of this study, 1 is to examine why there is an increasing incidence of disc herniation in young people.    Why are they doing this review? Disc herniation is often the result of natural degeneration changes accompanied by age as the vertebral discs lose water and become less resilient […]

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Correlation Between Proteolytic Enzymes and Microangiogenesis in Degenerative Intervertebral Disc Nucleus

Goal of the review? The goal of the article, 1 explores the molecular level of intervertebral disc degeneration. Specifically, the authors examine the correlation between proteolytic enzymes, microvascular formation, or neve fibre ingrowth in the intervertebral disc nucleus.    Why are they doing this review? To aid in diagnosis and treatment, the authors argue that […]

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Mechanotherapy: how physical therapists’ prescription of exercise promotes tissue repair

Goal of the Study? In this study 1, the goal is to answer how physical exercise promotes tissue healing in bone, muscle, tendon, and cartilage.   Why are they doing this study? Physical therapists and other clinicians prescribe exercise to address muscle tears, non-inflammatory arthropathies and controlled loading after injuries. This practice is in line […]

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Lumbar Spinal Stenosis — A Clinical Update and Approach to Patient Care with a Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Model

Goal of the Study? Lumbar spinal stenosis affects approximately 11% of the population, primarily in the adult population.1 In this article, the authors worked to provide a clinical update giving practitioners a “what you need to know” perspective on the ins and outs of clinical practice.   Why are they doing this study? Because of […]

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The Parkinson’s disease pain classification system: results from an international mechanism-based classification approach

Goal of the Study? In this study, 1, the authors have developed a framework to differentiate Parkinson’s Disease (PD) pain from non-PD-related pain and classify PD-related pain into 3 groups based on already validated mechanistic pain descriptors – nociceptive, neuropathic and nociplastic.    Why are they doing this study? In Parkinson’s disease (PD), about 20% […]