Disc height loss is a common thread in the work-up of spine related pain. Our models showcase disc height loss in a dynamic way to help convey load dynamics and changes over the life-cycle of a human as well as diurnal variations.

Regenerated
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Low Rate Loading Regenerated Degenerated Discs

Goal of the Study? The regenerative potential of a degenerated disc has been questioned over the years. In this ISSLS prize-winning study[1.ISSLS Prize in Bioengineering Science 2022: low rate cyclic loading as a therapeutic strategy for intervertebral…
Intervertebral Disc Herniation
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Fibrotic alterations in human annulus fibrosus correlate with progression of intervertebral disc herniation

Goal of the Study? In this histological analysis article from the Arthritis Research and Therapy Journal [1. Fibrotic Alterations In Human Annulus Fibrosus Correlate With Progression Of Intervertebral Disc Herniation] the authors’ goal was…
Modic changes model
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Early Modic Changes in Paediatric Low Back Pain Patients – ISSLS Prize Winner

Goal of the Study? Low back pain is the number one disabling condition in the world. In 1988, eight years after the first clinical MRI was conducted in Scotland by Francis Smith MD,  Michael Modic MD identified unique MRI findings associated…
Vacuum PhenomenonDynamic Disc Designs Corp.
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Vacuum Phenomenon – What is it and can it tell us anything about the dynamics of the spine?

Goal of the Study? Intradiscal vacuum phenomenon is a commonly observed radiological finding in the spine but not much is known about its pathophysiology. A recent paper was published in The European Spine Journal[1.Advanced disc degeneration,…
Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
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Clinical and MRI findings in degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis

Goal of the Study? In this cross-sectional study from the European Spine Journal [1. Clinical and MRI findings in lumbar spinal stenosis: baseline data from the NORDSTEN study]  the authors’ primary goal was to describe the relationship…
disc biomechanics
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Effect of overload on changes in mechanical and structural properties of disc biomechanics

Goal of the Study? In this primary research study from the Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology Journal[1.Effect of overload on changes in mechanical and structural properties of the intervertebral disc] the authors analyzed structural…
disc herniations, sequestered lumbar disc herniation
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Extruded disc herniations are experienced earlier by inactive young people in the high-tech gaming era.

Goal of the article? The goal of this study, [1. Extruded disc herniations are experienced earlier by inactive young people in the high-tech gaming era] is to examine why there is an increasing incidence of disc herniation in young people.    Why…
Disc Nucleus
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Correlation Between Proteolytic Enzymes and Microangiogenesis in Degenerative Intervertebral Disc Nucleus

Goal of the review? The goal of the article, [1. Correlation Between Proteolytic Enzymes and Microangiogenesis in Degenerative Intervertebral Disc Nucleus] explores the molecular level of intervertebral disc degeneration. Specifically, the…
Dynamic Sitting ExerciseIndian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, January-March 2020, Vol. 14, No. 1
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Dynamic Sitting Exercise vs. McKenzie Prone Press-Up (Low back pain and quality of life)

The Dynamic Sitting Exercise (DSE) Life can be busy. And with this busyness, people often do not have the time for lower back pain exercises. In 2010, Jerome Fryer (the owner and developer of Dynamic Disc Designs Corp.) set out to measure a…