Disc height loss is a common thread in the work-up of spine related pain. Our models showcase disc height loss in a dynamic way to help convey load dynamics and changes over the life-cycle of a human as well as diurnal variations.

lumbar instability
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Can MRI findings predict lumbar instability?

Goal of the Study? Vertebral slippage (spondylolisthesis) can occur in the ageing spine. In listhesis, one vertebra is either forward or backwards relative to its adjacent vertebral partner in the vertebral column. In this research study [1.Magnetic…
Disc Height Narrowing
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Natural Disc Height Narrowing Does Not Help with Cervical Spondylolisthesis

Goal of the Study? Disc height narrowing is thought to incur stabilization over time as discs dry out and age. However, in this study[1.Disc Height Narrowing Could Not Stabilize the Mobility at the Level of Cervical Spondylolisthesis: A Retrospective…
disk degeneration
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Disk Degeneration Higher than Reported in the Youth at this Hospital

Goal of the Study? The goal of this study[1.Magnetic resonance imaging findings among young adults with low back pain at Nsambya hospital] was to have a closer look at the younger population's lower back MRI findings. Most epidemiological investigations…
Spondylophyte osteophyte
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Tensile forces create spinal spurs | Biomechanical Evaluation of Spondylophyte Development

Goal of the Study? Bone spurs that project off vertebral bodies (spondylophytes) are common. However, the causes of their development are somewhat curious. Are these vertebral spurs due to tensile (stretching/lengthening) forces, or are they…
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Low Rate Loading Regenerated Degenerated Discs

Goal of the Study? The regenerative potential of a degenerated disc has been questioned over the years. In this ISSLS prize-winning study[1.ISSLS Prize in Bioengineering Science 2022: low rate cyclic loading as a therapeutic strategy for intervertebral…
Intervertebral Disc Herniation
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Fibrotic alterations in human annulus fibrosus correlate with progression of intervertebral disc herniation

Goal of the Study? In this histological analysis article from the Arthritis Research and Therapy Journal [1. Fibrotic Alterations In Human Annulus Fibrosus Correlate With Progression Of Intervertebral Disc Herniation] the authors’ goal was…
Modic changes model
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Early Modic Changes in Paediatric Low Back Pain Patients – ISSLS Prize Winner

Goal of the Study? Low back pain is the number one disabling condition in the world. In 1988, eight years after the first clinical MRI was conducted in Scotland by Francis Smith MD,  Michael Modic MD identified unique MRI findings associated…
Vacuum PhenomenonDynamic Disc Designs Corp.
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Vacuum Phenomenon – What is it and can it tell us anything about the dynamics of the spine?

Goal of the Study? Intradiscal vacuum phenomenon is a commonly observed radiological finding in the spine but not much is known about its pathophysiology. A recent paper was published in The European Spine Journal[1.Advanced disc degeneration,…
Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
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Clinical and MRI findings in degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis

Goal of the Study? In this cross-sectional study from the European Spine Journal [1. Clinical and MRI findings in lumbar spinal stenosis: baseline data from the NORDSTEN study]  the authors’ primary goal was to describe the relationship…