Prone MRI
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Belly Up vs. Belly Down MRI | What are we missing? Prone MRI vs. Supine MRI in Low Back Pain Patients

Goal of the Study? It is not uncommon to encounter remarkable pain patients with unremarkable MRI findings in clinical settings. Conventional MRI is done lying down, facing up (supine) in a recumbent and off-loading environment. This group…
Disc Height Narrowing
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Natural Disc Height Narrowing Does Not Help with Cervical Spondylolisthesis

Goal of the Study? Disc height narrowing is thought to incur stabilization over time as discs dry out and age. However, in this study[1.Disc Height Narrowing Could Not Stabilize the Mobility at the Level of Cervical Spondylolisthesis: A Retrospective…
Spondylophyte osteophyte
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Tensile forces create spinal spurs | Biomechanical Evaluation of Spondylophyte Development

Goal of the Study? Bone spurs that project off vertebral bodies (spondylophytes) are common. However, the causes of their development are somewhat curious. Are these vertebral spurs due to tensile (stretching/lengthening) forces, or are they…
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Low Rate Loading Regenerated Degenerated Discs

Goal of the Study? The regenerative potential of a degenerated disc has been questioned over the years. In this ISSLS prize-winning study[1.ISSLS Prize in Bioengineering Science 2022: low rate cyclic loading as a therapeutic strategy for intervertebral…
Circadian Rhythm
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Mechanical Strain Accelerates Intervertebral Disc Degeneration Through Circadian Rhythm Disruption

Goal of the Study? The intervertebral disc often plays a role in back pain. In this study[1.Excessive mechanical strain accelerates intervertebral disc degeneration by disrupting intrinsic circadian rhythm] researchers were curious about how…
three dimensional modelling
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Three-dimensional Modelling Dynamic Diurnal Disc Changes – Posterior and Anterior Look with MRI

Goal of the Study? We all know that LBP is a worldwide problem. Yet, the disc and its functional relationship to low back pain are poorly understood. These researchers worked to use MRI and three-dimensional modelling to measure in-vivo shape…
Modic changes model
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Early Modic Changes in Paediatric Low Back Pain Patients – ISSLS Prize Winner

Goal of the Study? Low back pain is the number one disabling condition in the world. In 1988, eight years after the first clinical MRI was conducted in Scotland by Francis Smith MD,  Michael Modic MD identified unique MRI findings associated…
Vacuum PhenomenonDynamic Disc Designs Corp.
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Vacuum Phenomenon – What is it and can it tell us anything about the dynamics of the spine?

Goal of the Study? Intradiscal vacuum phenomenon is a commonly observed radiological finding in the spine but not much is known about its pathophysiology. A recent paper was published in The European Spine Journal[1.Advanced disc degeneration,…
Stature Change

Effect of Time of Day on the Magnitude of Stature Change Response

Goal of the Study? In this case-control study from researchers in Thailand and Australia, published in the journal; Trends in Sciences [1. Effect of  Time of Day on the Magnitude of Stature Change Response Variability in Participants with…