Regenerated
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Low Rate Loading Regenerated Degenerated Discs

Goal of the Study? The regenerative potential of a degenerated disc has been questioned over the years. In this ISSLS prize-winning study[1.ISSLS Prize in Bioengineering Science 2022: low rate cyclic loading as a therapeutic strategy for intervertebral…
Circadian Rhythm
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Mechanical Strain Accelerates Intervertebral Disc Degeneration Through Circadian Rhythm Disruption

Goal of the Study? The intervertebral disc often plays a role in back pain. In this study[1.Excessive mechanical strain accelerates intervertebral disc degeneration by disrupting intrinsic circadian rhythm] researchers were curious about how…
three dimensional modelling
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Three-dimensional Modelling Dynamic Diurnal Disc Changes – Posterior and Anterior Look with MRI

Goal of the Study? We all know that LBP is a worldwide problem. Yet, the disc and its functional relationship to low back pain are poorly understood. These researchers worked to use MRI and three-dimensional modelling to measure in-vivo shape…
Modic changes model
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Early Modic Changes in Paediatric Low Back Pain Patients – ISSLS Prize Winner

Goal of the Study? Low back pain is the number one disabling condition in the world. In 1988, eight years after the first clinical MRI was conducted in Scotland by Francis Smith MD,  Michael Modic MD identified unique MRI findings associated…
Vacuum PhenomenonDynamic Disc Designs Corp.
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Vacuum Phenomenon – What is it and can it tell us anything about the dynamics of the spine?

Goal of the Study? Intradiscal vacuum phenomenon is a commonly observed radiological finding in the spine but not much is known about its pathophysiology. A recent paper was published in The European Spine Journal[1.Advanced disc degeneration,…
Stature Change
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Effect of Time of Day on the Magnitude of Stature Change Response

Goal of the Study? In this case-control study from researchers in Thailand and Australia, published in the journal; Trends in Sciences [1. Effect of  Time of Day on the Magnitude of Stature Change Response Variability in Participants with…
disc biomechanics
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Effect of overload on changes in mechanical and structural properties of disc biomechanics

Goal of the Study? In this primary research study from the Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology Journal[1.Effect of overload on changes in mechanical and structural properties of the intervertebral disc] the authors analyzed structural…
Low back pain
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Low Back Pain — Epidemiology, causes and risk factors

Goal of the review? In this paper, [1. Low Back Pain] the authors provide a research-based overview of the epidemiology, causes, and risk factors. They also describe the clinical presentation and diagnostic criteria, and treatment options…
disc herniations, sequestered lumbar disc herniation
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Extruded disc herniations are experienced earlier by inactive young people in the high-tech gaming era.

Goal of the article? The goal of this study, [1. Extruded disc herniations are experienced earlier by inactive young people in the high-tech gaming era] is to examine why there is an increasing incidence of disc herniation in young people.    Why…