Pain Education Models
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Pain Education Models for Better Patient Education

There you are, as a clinician, with a patient's eyes glaring at you for a reason. WHY do they hurt? It made me uncomfortable in my early years, but later, I learned that sharing your 'probable' diagnosis is essential. As a chiropractor, we are…
tropism
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Systematic Review of Facet Tropism in the Lumbar Spine

Goal of the Study? Facet tropism (asymmetrical orientation of the apophyseal joints greater than 7 degrees) is common in the lumbar spine. And because facet joints play a crucial role in stabilizing motion segments, alteration in their orientation…
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Research progress diagnosing methodology for lumbar segmental instability

Goal of the Study? In this systematic review and meta-analysis article from the open-access journal Medicine [1. Research progress of diagnosing methodology for lumbar segmental instability], the authors’ goal was to examine published literature…
Centre of Rotation
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ISSLS Prize in Bioengineering Science 2021: in vivo sagittal motion of the lumbar spine in low back pain patients – a radiological big data study

Goal of the Study? In this study [1. ISSLS Prize in Bioengineering Science 2021: in vivo sagittal motion of the lumbar spine in low back pain patients – a radiological big data study], the authors investigated the flexion-extension range…
Facet pain
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The Prevalence of “Pure” Lumbar Zygapophysial Joint Pain in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain

Goal of the Study? The objective of this study [1.The Prevalence of “Pure” Lumbar Zygapophysial Joint Pain in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain], is to determine the prevalence of “pure” lumbar Z joint pain.   Why are…
spondylolysis
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Does facet joint morphology affect the development of spondylolysis?

Goal of the Study? The goal of this study [1. Does facet joint morphology affect the development of spondylolysis] is to better understand whether the morphology of the facet joint contributes to spondylolysis.   Why are they doing…
vacuum sign
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Vacuum sign indicating hypermobility? Degenerative Spondylolisthesis Study

Vacuum sign is a common radiological finding. It is also referred to as a vacuum phenomenon and often associated with degenerative spinal discs, knee joints, hip joints, and shoulder joints.  Degenerative spondylolisthesis is a spinal condition…
Zygapophyseal Joint Pain in Chronic Whiplash Patients
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Study Finds Evidence Chronic WAD Sensory Hypersensitivity Linked to Cervical Zygapophyseal Joints

A study [1. Minimizing the source of nociception and its concurrent effect on sensory hypersensitivity: An exploratory study in chronic whiplash patients] of sensory hypersensitivity in patients suffering from chronic whiplash associated disorder…
arthritic changes, lumbar models, cervical models
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Arthritic Changes Related to Age and Sex – Histology and Modeling

Arthritic changes are very common. They are often related to a person's pain with neck pain as one of the highest ranked common causes of disability. In this specific research article [1. Histological Osteoarthritic Changes in the Human Cervical…