Our lumbar models are identical in size and geometry to a real cadaveric specimen. With careful construction of the soft tissues including a flexible intervertebral disc including an annulus fibrosus and a nucleus puplosus,  each model is meticulously hand-crafted to provide the most accurate modeling to help the musculoskeletal practitioner to engage with patients in a convincing way.

Lumbar models have historically been static and immobile, but at Dynamic Disc Designs, we have developed flexible lumbar models to help relay essential movements to the patient related to their pain triggers. Having a patient genuinely understand their body mechanics empowers the patient and improves outcomes.

Patient-centered care must include translational strategies to help a pain sufferer understand their origins. A dynamic lumbar model helps execute efficient and accurate patient education.

Cell Clustering
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Cell Clustering in Disc Degeneration – Reparative Potential Within

Goal of the Study? Learning how back pain develops and potentially advances in degenerative disc disease is critical. Back pain has profound socioeconomic costs worldwide. In this research paper[1.Cell clustering in intervertebral disc degeneration:…
Posture and Disc Herniation
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Posture and Disc Herniation

Goal of the Study? Logically, one would think that an intervertebral disc with internal disruptions would be more likely to experience a disc herniation. Currently, especially in physiotherapy, there is a push to steer away from concepts of…
three dimensional modelling
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Three-dimensional Modelling Dynamic Diurnal Disc Changes – Posterior and Anterior Look with MRI

Goal of the Study? We all know that LBP is a worldwide problem. Yet, the disc and its functional relationship to low back pain are poorly understood. These researchers worked to use MRI and three-dimensional modelling to measure in-vivo shape…
far lateral disc herniation
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Far lateral lumbar disc herniation | Imaging, neurophysiology and clinical features

Goal of the Study? In this review article from the open access World Journal of Orthopedics [1. Far lateral lumbar disc herniation part 1 Imaging, neurophysiology and clinical features] the authors’ goal was to provide a comprehensive review…
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Research progress diagnosing methodology for lumbar segmental instability

Goal of the Study? In this systematic review and meta-analysis article from the open-access journal Medicine [1. Research progress of diagnosing methodology for lumbar segmental instability], the authors’ goal was to examine published literature…
Sinuvertebral Nerve
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Clinical anatomy of the lumbar sinuvertebral nerve with regard to discogenic low back pain and review of literature

Goal of the Study? In this clinical anatomical study and literature review article from the European Spine Journal [1. Clinical anatomy of the lumbar sinuvertebral nerve with regard to discogenic low back pain and review of literature] the…
disc biomechanics
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Effect of overload on changes in mechanical and structural properties of disc biomechanics

Goal of the Study? In this primary research study from the Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology Journal[1.Effect of overload on changes in mechanical and structural properties of the intervertebral disc] the authors analyzed structural…
Low back-related leg pain
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Low Back-related Leg Pain and Axial Loading with MRI – Using the Visual Analog Scale and Pain Drawings

Goal of the Study? Low back-related leg pain is thought to be neuropathic in origin due to compromise of a nerve root(s) and is also commonly known as sciatica. In a study published in the Journal of Clinical Medicine [1. Axially Loaded Magnetic…
facet osteoarthritis, facet joint pain
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Sensory mapping of lumbar facet joint pain: a feasibility study

Goal of the Study? The objective of this study [1. Sensory mapping of lumbar facet joint pain: a feasibility study] evaluates the feasibility of sensory mapping of lumbar facet joint pain in patients scheduled to undergo radiofrequency (RF)…