spinal cord anatomical model

Using a Spinal Cord Anatomical Model in the Courtroom

Throughout the world, courts are filled with plaintiffs who’ve filed suit against another person or persons for a variety of reasons, including medical malpractice and personal infury. Just in the United States alone, it is estimated that at least 120,000 deaths each year can be contributed to medical negligence but that only about 5 percent of those individuals actually receive compensation as a result of filing a malpractice claim.1 In Canada, some 43,000 deaths occur each year due to mistakes made by a medical professional.2

In the personal injury suit world, the numbers are staggering. Countless individuals sue each year over what they view as another person’s negligence – negligence that caused them to get hurt. Many law firms specialize in personal injury cases and tens of thousands are settled or tried each year.

Sometimes, however, when a suit is filed against negligent parties, the plaintiff doesn’t win.  This is due to the fact that the burden of proof is not met and attorneys are unable to prove any wrongdoing, despite the gathering of evidence and the testimony of the wronged. But, sometimes, when the right tools are used in the testimony phase of the trial, success can happen and compensation will rightly be awarded to the injured party.

Often, attorneys use drawings to demonstrate medical scenarios for juries in the courtroom. After all, most jury members are not medical professionals and generally require visuals to understand what happened to cause injury to the plaintiff. In cases that involve injury to the spinal cord, many attorneys have found that the best tools are anatomical models of the spine.

In medical legal cases, whether they be malpractice suits or personal injury lawsuits, a good model is worth a thousand drawings, especially if they are 3D movable models such as those offered by Dynamic Disc Designs (ddd).

A spinal cord anatomical model made by ddd is ideal for a courtroom setting or even for a deposition. By using the model for demonstrations, medical experts can best reach those who most need to grasp an understanding of how the spine works, often the members of a jury. This clearer understanding will allow them to make the RIGHT decision in the end – be it for the plaintiff or the defendant.

By using one of the spinal cord models made by Dr. Jerome Fryer of Dynamic Disc Designs, juries can literally hold the spine in their hands as the attorney or medical expert explains the specifics of the plaintiff’s injury or medical issue.

Fryer’s models are one-of-a-kind in design, flexible, and totally dynamic, and are easy to comprehend, even for non-medical individuals. The realism of these models is achieved thanks to a 2-part intervertebral disc with 6 degrees of freedom designed by an experienced chiropractor who has superior knowledge in the workings of the spine.

dynamic spine model with spinal cord anatomical model

Yet despite the sophistication, juries simply “get it” when they see and touch the model, say attorneys who have already used ddd models successfully.

Finally, a realistic spinal model that can demonstrate real-life spine injuries and, importantly, show load -related pain problems like disc herniation, disc bulge, nerve root and dural sac encroachment with a dynamic deforming load sensitive model,” says Robert Zielke, an attorney from Seattle, Washington, USA.  “A powerful educational tool for any Personal Injury Lawyer involved with spinal related injuries.”

See how a spinal cord anatomical model can help with your malpractice or personal injury cases. Browse the Dynamic Disc Designs website or contact the company for more information.

1 http://centerjd.org/cjrg/Numbers.pdf

2 http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/health-and-fitness/health-navigator/patients-odds-of-winning-medical-malpractice-suits-in-canada-arent-good-says-new-book/article10812604/



Spinal Cord Anatomy Model Used in Litigation

You’ve seen it on television. In TV shows that offer scenarios with lawyers and injury cases, you’ve probably witnessed that on-screen attorney trying to convince a jury how his client’s injury was caused and who was responsible. Maybe you’ve also seen such litigation in person, or perhaps – unfortunately – you’ve been a part of such a case.

Whichever role you’ve played – spectator, plaintiff, or attorney – you know that a solid case involves good evidence and sound arguments and explanations on the part of the lawyers. Often, attorneys need to use visuals to explain certain mechanics of the body when arguing injury cases, and nothing works better than a model that allows the jury to see the inner-workings of the body.

Spinal cord injury cases often make their way into courtrooms around the world and, generally, lawyers for the injured are looking for more than a poster or drawing of the spine to convince the jury to decide in favor of their client. That’s where a spinal cord anatomy model comes into play. Attorneys use such models so that those unfamiliar with the workings of the spine can better understand why the injury occurred, why the injured seeks compensation, and why that compensation should be granted.

spinal cord, anatomy, model

Dynamic Disc Designs (ddd) makes several spinal cord anatomy models that have been used successfully in a court of law. The models made by ddd have been touted by many as the best available and attorneys who work with injury cases see them as an invaluable tool.

We used one of your spine models on a two- level cervical fusion case during a trial in Denver County District Court in January of this year. We obtained a verdict over 2 million dollars,” explained Jason W. Jordan, Attorney at Law, in a recent review of a ddd model he purchased for litigation purposes.

 “It was extremely helpful to explain to the jury, the nature of the anatomy, and the extent of the injuries involved.  My expert used this model during his examination and it was helpful in my verdict, for sure” he adds. “Specifically, the model I used has a built in annular tear into a spine model.  As you load the disc with your hands, you can see the nucleus exit the disc and impact the nerves.  Everyone in that courtroom understood the injury at that moment.”

A movable 3-D spinal cord anatomy model can prompt an understanding that no poster or artist’s rendering can transmit. Because most people are visual learners, attorneys find that juries who see demonstrations made with Dynamic Disc Design’s models can get a better picture in their head of exactly what happened to the plaintiff’s spine.

As such, it is easier to make a determination as to the root cause of the injury and if the defendant should be charged with the responsibility for this injury. In short, for plaintiffs, a good spine model can mean the difference between a reasonable settlement and no settlement at all.

After all, says Dr. Louis Crespo, “A bone model is worth a thousand words.”

If you are an attorney who deals with spinal cord injuries, contact Dynamic Disc Designs to learn more about the models that can assist you in your litigation practice.


spurring and osteophytes model

Patient spine education to reduce malpractice claims is often misstepped in clinical practice.

Failure to communicate with patients is often the number one reason for malpractice claims. Physicians, surgeons, chiropractors, and other spine health care professionals are put into a position to quickly establish a relationship with spine education at the roots.  According to Steven R. Eastaugh, PhD in Physician Executive, it is important to explore ways to better communicate to fewer malpractice claims and allow health care organizations to reduce litigation costs.

People in the industry know that malpractice claims are one of the fears of the business. To avoid being sued, effective patient education of spine pain generators is important to communicate in a clear and precise manner. Risk reduction strategies include effective patient education. Often patients just want to know where are why it hurts and what at the doctor is going to do to help with the problem. Dynamic Disc Designs models help the doctor, like an assistant, to show the spine problems in a dynamic way. Whether the patient is experiencing stenosis, disc herniation, spondylolisthesis, hypermobility,cervical stenosis or pain due to interposed annular disruption, dynamic models are designed from real cadaveric specimens and mimic real tissue to aid the physician.

In a patient-centred driven health care system, doctors are forced to establish patient trust in an efficient manner under time restraints.  That is the nature of the business. And if doctors cannot communicate what they need to, the patient is often left with unanswered questions. Using hands on models that demonstrates the anatomy in a clean and dynamic way saves doctors time. One of the most popular models by ddd include a laser pointer to allow the doctor to precisely point to the internal aspect of the annulus and show how a disc herniation progresses through a radial tear. This model also demonstrates the innervation of the outer third of the annulus as well as neo-innervation to inner radial tears.

Dynamic Disc Designs has been developing effective spine models to improve the communication between doctors and patients in the time pressed clinical setting.