At Dynamic Disc Designs, we believe research to be the foundation of our spine models so practitioners in musculoskeletal health feel confident in the use of an accurate model while they educate patients about their findings.  Historically, models have been inaccurate and most critically, static, making it very difficult for the doctor to be convincing to the patient in the accuracy of diagnosis.

Research is at the roots of any practice. It fuels practice guidelines and directs both the patient and practitioner down the best path of care. Our models help support that voyage. We have worked hard to bring the best to practitioners of musculoskeletal science by scouring databases of spine science, to arrive at the most accurate model for teaching possible.

With over 1000 papers read in full text, Dr. Jerome Fryer leads the way by making sure our models are keeping up to the standards of best evidence. Weekly literature searches on keywords that surround musculoskeletal health are at the core roots of Dynamic Disc Designs.

disk degeneration
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Disk Degeneration Higher than Reported in the Youth at this Hospital

Goal of the Study? The goal of this study[1.Magnetic resonance imaging findings among young adults with low back pain at Nsambya hospital] was to have a closer look at the younger population's lower back MRI findings. Most epidemiological investigations…
Spondylophyte osteophyte
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Tensile forces create spinal spurs | Biomechanical Evaluation of Spondylophyte Development

Goal of the Study? Bone spurs that project off vertebral bodies (spondylophytes) are common. However, the causes of their development are somewhat curious. Are these vertebral spurs due to tensile (stretching/lengthening) forces, or are they…
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What does it mean when a patient reports discomfort, pain and stiffness? Chiropractic Patient Survey

Goal of the Study? Every day, patients present to clinics worldwide and report pain, discomfort, and stiffness to their providers. These people also can be labelled as 'chronic pain patients'. An interesting paper was published in BMC Musculoskeletal…
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Low Rate Loading Regenerated Degenerated Discs

Goal of the Study? The regenerative potential of a degenerated disc has been questioned over the years. In this ISSLS prize-winning study[1.ISSLS Prize in Bioengineering Science 2022: low rate cyclic loading as a therapeutic strategy for intervertebral…
Endplate Damage
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Facet joint injections with and without endplate damage—a prospective cohort study.

Goal of the Study? Lower back pain contributes to a lot of pain and disability on this planet. One of the strategies for dealing with it is using facet joint injections with corticosteroids to reduce the pain. However, facet joint injections…
fear-avoidance, lower back pain
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Fear-avoidance beliefs or insomnia relate to pain intensity with chronic lower back pain.

Goal of the Study? In this open-access paper, published in Frontiers in Psychiatry by Arnold Y.L. Wong et al.[1.Are Morphometric and Biomechanical Characteristics of Lumbar Multifidus Related to Pain Intensity or Disability in People With Chronic…
Circadian Rhythm
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Mechanical Strain Accelerates Intervertebral Disc Degeneration Through Circadian Rhythm Disruption

Goal of the Study? The intervertebral disc often plays a role in back pain. In this study[1.Excessive mechanical strain accelerates intervertebral disc degeneration by disrupting intrinsic circadian rhythm] researchers were curious about how…
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Pubertal growth spurt differentiates adults with low back pain from their asymptomatic peers

Goal of the Study? Disc degeneration (DD) is associated with ageing. However, DD is not always associated with lower back pain. This ISSLS Prize-Winning 2022 study[1.Accelerated disc degeneration after pubertal growth spurt differentiates adults…
Human Intervertebal Disc
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Innervation of the Human Intervertebral Disc A Scoping Review

Goal of the Study? In this comprehensive scoping review from the Oxford Journal of Pain Medication [1. Innervation of the Human Intervertebral Disc: A Scoping Review] the authors’ goal was to provide a systematic overview of studies that…