Subchondral bone Osteoarthritis Tidemark
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Subchondral Bone and Osteoarthritis – Reviewing the Microenvironment of Synovial Joints

Goal of the Study? Pain from osteoarthritis is widespread. However, it is also common for osteoarthritis not to cause pain. So what gives? One anatomical microenvironment that appears to play a critical role is the subchondral zone of joints.…
Human Intervertebal Disc
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Innervation of the Human Intervertebral Disc A Scoping Review

Goal of the Study? In this comprehensive scoping review from the Oxford Journal of Pain Medication [1. Innervation of the Human Intervertebral Disc: A Scoping Review] the authors’ goal was to provide a systematic overview of studies that…
Intervertebral Disc Degeneration
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Fundamentals of Intervertebral Disc Degeneration

Goal of the Study? In this review article from the Annals of Weill Cornell Neurological Surgery[1.Fundamentals of Intervertebral Disc Degeneration] the authors’ goals were twofold:  a) Cover the underlying pathophysiology and risk factors…
tropism
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Systematic Review of Facet Tropism in the Lumbar Spine

Goal of the Study? Facet tropism (asymmetrical orientation of the apophyseal joints greater than 7 degrees) is common in the lumbar spine. And because facet joints play a crucial role in stabilizing motion segments, alteration in their orientation…
Occupational LBP
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Association between sitting and occupational LBP

Goal of the Study? In this 2007 systematic literature review from the European Spine Journal[1.Association between sitting and occupational LBP] the authors’ goals were twofold:  (1) Review appropriate literature that examines the association…
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Research progress diagnosing methodology for lumbar segmental instability

Goal of the Study? In this systematic review and meta-analysis article from the open-access journal Medicine [1. Research progress of diagnosing methodology for lumbar segmental instability], the authors’ goal was to examine published literature…
Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction
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Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction – A Review of 33 Articles

Learning about the sacroiliac joint and the dysfunctions of it.
OA
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An up-to-date on clinical prospects and management of osteoarthritis (OA)

Goal of the Study? In this research review article from the Annals of Medicine and Surgery [1. An up to date on clinical prospects and management of osteoarthritis] the authors’ purpose was to focus on the update of clinical prospects and…
Vertebral Endplate
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The association between vertebral endplate structural defects

Goal of the Study? In this systematic review and meta-analysis article from the Springer Nature 2021 Journal[1. The association between vertebral endplate structural defects and back pain: a systematic review and meta‐analysis] the authors’…