Dynamic spine models designed by chiropractors. Our spine models are scientifically accurate, showing details in the discs, lumbar, pelvis and cervical spine. They can be used to demonstrate a range of clinical conditions which contribute to back pain or discomfort. Our models use an elastomeric two-part intervertebral disc design to show important anatomical features so are perfect for chiropractors, osteopaths, spine surgeons, physiotherapists and medicine students. See the back under compression and conditions such as disc herniation, epidural punctures and more.

lumbar flexion kinesiophobia
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Lumbar Flexion and Kinesiophobia | Task-Specific Fear Research

Goal of the Study? This study aims to assess whether someone is generally fearful of painful movement or is it related to a specific task. It is common for those with chronic low back pain to experience an avoidance and fear of movement, likely…
Subchondral bone Osteoarthritis Tidemark
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Subchondral Bone and Osteoarthritis – Reviewing the Microenvironment of Synovial Joints

Goal of the Study? Pain from osteoarthritis is widespread. However, it is also common for osteoarthritis not to cause pain. So what gives? One anatomical microenvironment that appears to play a critical role is the subchondral zone of joints.…
Endplate Damage
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Facet joint injections with and without endplate damage—a prospective cohort study.

Goal of the Study? Lower back pain contributes to a lot of pain and disability on this planet. One of the strategies for dealing with it is using facet joint injections with corticosteroids to reduce the pain. However, facet joint injections…
Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction
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Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction – A Review of 33 Articles

Learning about the sacroiliac joint and the dysfunctions of it.
simulation model
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The importance of intervertebral disc material model on the prediction of mechanical function of the cervical spine

Goal of the Study? In this disc simulation model article from the BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders open access journal [1.The importance of intervertebral disc material model on the prediction of mechanical function of the cervical spine] the…
Lumbar Model with NervesJerome Fryer
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Lumbar Spinal Stenosis — A Clinical Update and Approach to Patient Care with a Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Model

Goal of the Study? Lumbar spinal stenosis affects approximately 11% of the population, primarily in the adult population.[1.CLINICAL UPDATES Lumbar spinal stenosis] In this article, the authors worked to provide a clinical update giving practitioners…
cervical degenerated herniated spine model
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Accurate simulation of the herniated cervical intervertebral disc using controllable expansion: a finite element study

Goal of the Study? The objective of this study [1. Accurate simulation of the herniated cervical intervertebral disc using controllable expansion: a finite element study] was to establish a three-dimensional finite element (3D-FE) model of…
vacuum sign
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Vacuum sign indicating hypermobility? Degenerative Spondylolisthesis Study

Vacuum sign is a common radiological finding. It is also referred to as a vacuum phenomenon and often associated with degenerative spinal discs, knee joints, hip joints, and shoulder joints.  Degenerative spondylolisthesis is a spinal condition…
lordosis. degenrative joint disease
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Lumbar Lordosis and Disc Herniation in Young Participants – Spine Research

Flat Back (Lack of Lumbar Lordosis) and Disc Herniation Lordosis, or the lack of it, has been thought to be a biomechanical precursor to disc herniation in the lumbar spine. To investigate this possible correlation, a group of researchers from…