How to Use the Techniques to Minimize Flexion of the Lumbar Spine Causing Lower Back Pain

minimize flexion

Whether exercising and stretching or gardening in an indoor jungle, you likely experience sudden lower back pain as you bend, tilt, rotate, or twist. Multiple studies have researched and discovered a link between flexion of the lumbar spine and lower back pain.

minimize flexion

Lumbar Flexion

These research papers study the neuromuscular control of the spine, allowing it to adapt to various movements and postures to determine the factors and solutions to chronic pain. Based on these studies, people who develop lower back pain or disorders may have motor control impairments, leading to repeated and dynamic stress and strain cycles.

As a result, patients may experience ongoing tissue injury and chronic back pain due to repeated spine flexion due to occupational, sporting, or recreational work. With this destructive spinal flexion affecting your intervertebral and herniated discs, many people seek radiculopathy or surgery as treatment.

However, recent research shows that there are numerous techniques to alleviate the symptoms of lower back pain, including spine sparring and using tactile tape. Below, we’ll explore flexion of the lumbar spine as the cause of LBP and ways these two methodologies can minimize its signs.



What Causes Lower Back Pain: Flexion and Deformity of the Lumbar Spine

A lumbar spine subjected to excessive or repeated flexural bending under compressive loads from work- or sports-related tasks can negatively affect the neuromuscular control and intervertebral discs. This means a higher lower back injury and pain risk and herniated disc. 

Moreover, insightful research on redistributing flexion stress or strain reveals that high spine flexion or local kyphosis, ‘awkward’ postures, such as sitting with the lumbar spine flexed coupled with forward shoulders, axial twisting or lateral bending, and a structurally flat back can impose lower back pain.

Furthermore, the study notes that repeated and maximal loaded flexion and lifting objections that produce high-magnitude trunk flexion boost the risk of occupational low back disorders and injuries during lifting or twisting movements. Besides, it’s well-known our bodies are subject to the force of gravity that causes spinal compression and a chronically flexed lumbar spine that, with time, creates chronic and severe lower back pain. 

The Top Technique to Alleviate Lower Back Pain

Spinal lumbar flexion can substantially increase lower back injury risks because of the focused and amplified shear or compressive forces and the erector muscles that grow less effective at combating the pain. The good news is there are tried-and-tested techniques to redistribute the flexion motion and mitigate the risk of chronic LBP or injury.

With these well-researched strategies, individuals can optimize daily performance while minimizing stress and strain loading on the tissues, muscles, ligaments, and intervertebral discs. Here’s how you can redistribute spine flexion movement to eliminate tactical stimulus: 

Spine Sparring Techniques 

When combating highly flexed spine postures, research suggests a ‘spine sparring’ strategy involving the redistribution of flexion motion for minimized spinal and lower back injury. People may use this technique to reallocate the pain to neighbouring joints, such as the knees and hips.

Spine sparring promotes a more neutral spinal column, reducing stress or strain on the intervertebral disc and adjacent tissues or ligaments. The result is a decrease in the initiation of spinal flexion and lower back pain. Below, we’ll dig deeper into the use of athletic taping to redistribute repeated and dynamic flexural motion from the lumbar spine to lower chronic LBP risks:

The Procedure

In-depth research focused on minimizing lumbar flexion of the spine leveraged a liquid bandage to help redistribute the motion or decrease the targeted and repeated spine flexion movements. The study involved twenty-four participants outfitted with a grid of 57 reflective kinematic markers to determine how spine sparring can reduce the effects of LBP.  

The individuals completed three maximum flexion range of motion trials without tactile feedback, a quiet standing bias trial, a maximum flexion ROM trial under baseline conditions, and an active flexion re-matching task.

In addition, the participants selected a target of 50 to 75% maximal spine flexion over ten repeated flexion movements followed by one to two-minute rest to minimize back fatigue. During the baseline conditions, the participants completed the target-tuning and re-matching trials and modified their movements if they experienced tactile stimulus.

Furthermore, the study involved constraining the individual’s pelvis with a belt around the waist, helping limit hip motion, and performing trials across the chest. The research also involved flexion-extension, lateral bend, and axial twist Cardan rotational sequence in quantifying the spine flexion angles.

How It Minimizes Lower Back Pain

The spine sparring technique significantly affected the thoracic and lumbar flexion of the spine, demonstrating decreased lower back pain. Thus, this strategy can stimulate the redistribution of spine movements across adjacent sub-sections and individual motion segments.   

Based on the feedback, including U-Thor, L-Thor, and Lumb, individuals can influence the targeting and variability of dynamic spine flexion movements, promoting spine curvature changes and reducing lower back pain or injury risk. Additionally, the spine neuromuscular control system can isolate and evenly distribute the flexion movement across the lumbar region.

Therefore, regardless of the tactile feedback, people who use spine sparring can achieve skin stretching stimulus to affect the spine curvature and limit local spine flexion. As a result, you can redistribute the flexion motion to neighbouring joints, minimizing end-rage flexion postures that cause spine injury or severe lower back pain.

Tactile Tape to Restrict Skin Stretching 

Another fantastic research to alleviate lumbar spine flexion involves restricting skin stretching with a tactile cue applied to the lower back. With a robust liquid tap called Leukotape, the study aims to change the spinal flexion motion during repeated and dynamic lifting or lowering tasks.

The researchers believed that restricting the skin from stretching in the lumbar spine region can reduce flexion movement and elicit a change in the direction of movement during trunk posture. In addition, tactile tape can help redistribute the flexion to boost hip and knee flexion.

Below, we’ll explore how research by the Human Health and Nutritional Sciences Department of the University of Guelph found the effectiveness of appropriate cues for minimizing low back injury and pain risks:   

The Procedure 

As spine posture changes, structural properties of the skin include skin stretch sensitivity, tactile acuity, and touch sensitivity. With a tactile cue, individuals can achieve continuous feedback about skin deformity and achieve reductions in lumbar spine flexion.

The insightful research involved eleven healthy participants who were exempt from lower back pain or injury and performed repetitive lowering and lifting trials. These individuals performed these movements under four conditions, including baseline control, Leukotape on the overlaying skin, tactile tape coupled with instructions to pay attention to the cue, and removal of Leukotape.   

The participants conducted these conditions in a similar order with approximately five minutes of rest to minimize fatigue pain due to the repeated strain and stress loading. Moreover, the individuals lifted and lowered boxes of 3 kg of mass and 40.6 x 27.3 x 17.8 cm boxes without any coaching or instruction.

The research found that tactile tape can affect spinal curvature, and its removal helps retain the lumbar spine angle relative to the baseline and tape conditions. Thus, these cues can alleviate the symptoms of lower back pain.



How this Helps Reduce Lower Back Pain

Since repeated and loaded, maximum lumbar flexion can damage the tissues and ligaments of the spine, techniques to redistribute the pain to neighbouring joints can reduce LBP risks. Individuals who pick and lower objections below knee-high experience a higher risk of developing lower back disorder; it is recommended that these people avoid full lumbar flexion or flexed postures for prolonged time or under high compressive or shear loads.      

Moreover, people can minimize the risk of lower pain or injury by eliminating lumbar flexion and using athletic tape to affect lumbar spine sagittal plane motion. By limiting the stretch of the tape, individuals can decrease lumbar flexion by reallocating it to the knee and hip region.

The sensory and verbal feedback from the tactile tape significantly reduced lumbar spine flexion, increased kinesthetic awareness, and decreased the risk of chronic lower back pain or injury.

The Bottom Line

As lumbar spine flexion can affect spinal curvature and lower back pain or injury risks, these studies showcase how tactile cues and spine sparring can affect LBP. You can minimize the spinal flexion related to chronic lower back pain with a liquid bandage or athletic tape that encourages reduced skin deformity and changes the spinal curvature.

With these in-depth studies, it’s clear that focusing on lumbar flexion can reduce lower back pain by redistributing repeated motion to neighboring joints, particularly the hip and knee area. Furthermore, the purposeful avoidance of lumbar flexion can provide immediate pain relief and promote reduced LBP.

Besides this, the tactile feedback provided in the research demonstrates that tactile cues can promote the control of spine neuromuscular control patterns, avoiding local incidence of flexion and improving lower back pain or injury symptoms.


At Dynamic Disc Designs we manufacture dynamic lumbar models to help low back paint understand their symptoms and the solutions to match. This is achieved through effective patient education using accurate anatomical modelling by professionals who demonstrate the movements causing pain.

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