Inspired from our EpiClear and LxD models with the degenerated patient in mind. Our Degenerative Lumbar Epidural Trainer includes a thickened translucent ligamentum flavum and associated interspinous ligament. Translucent ligaments allow visualisation of traversing needle into epidural space. All vertebrae are anatomically accurate and casted from a real degenerated specimen. This model is useful for teaching epidural placement with realistic puncture force feedback and loss of resistance training in a degenerated spine with narrowed interlaminar spacing and facet arthropathy. Optional shortened cauda equina. Replacement ligaments available after multiple uses.
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