Spondylolisthesis is simply the slippage of one vertebra on another.
The medical Latin root comes from the Greek root “spondylos” and “listhesis” which means vertebra slippage. They are defined by either a slippage forward, backward or sideways. These are labeled as an anterior, posterior or lateral listhesis, respectively. There are several degrees of slippage defined by grades (1-5).
There are several reasons as to why vertebrae slip out of alignment with the leading reason being arthritis and disc height loss in adults. Recently, in the Journal Medicine, researchers looked at the importance of dynamic loading in detecting degenerative spondylolisthesis. In children, it is the lowest of the lumbar vertebrae most commonly affected. Sudden bending backward activities can cause significant stress on the spinal structures related to spondylolisthesis.
To read more about spondylolisthesis, you can click here.
Products and Patient Education
Below is a video to show the second most common spondylolisthesis, called a lytic listhesis. Lytic comes from the word, loosening. You can see the bone has actually fractured. This is sometimes found in active children.
In order to see the most common spondylolisthesis models, you can see the video below of a degenerative spondylolisthesis model.
Multilevel L5 Spondylolysis Spondylolisthesis
In order to see a spondylolytic multilevel spondylolisthesis model you can watch the video below
Our most recent and multilevel spondylolisthesis is shows both a lytic and non-lytic pars in the Double Spondy Model.
Another popular model is The Professional LxH Model with the optional feature of a spondylolisthesis.
Interestingly, spondylolisthesis sometimes doesn’t show up with regular recumbent x-ray, CT or MRI. There is growing knowledge that some spines are required to be loaded in order to see the slippage effectively. Often symptoms come with load. Dynamic Disc Models can help relay that message to patients. If a spondylolisthesis option is ordered with the Professional LxH Lumbar Model, ‘unroofing‘ will be able to be demonstrated.